ENGLISH PRESSED GLASS

Introduction

Burtles Tate

Carnival glass

Davidson

John Derbyshire

Greener

Heppel

Jobling

Molyneux

Moore

Percival Yates & Vickers

Sowerby

Turnbull

Anon

Trade marks, registration marks & registered numbers

Further reading

Places to visit

Introduction.


coloured glass pieces
The style of glassware known as pressed glass, or moulded glass, developed in the early 19th century when glassmaking changed from being a craft to being a factory-based process. In addition, glass in the United Kingdom had been taxed by weight, and this tax was repealed in 1845. It now became profitable to produce runs of identical moulded items, and the demand for domestic glassware grew. New ranges were produced each year, and as well as the traditional clear, or flint, glass, many other styles were developed, such as opaque, marbled, opalescent and coloured.

The procedure for moulding glass is to add molten glass to a plain or patterned mould and to press it into the mould with a plain or patterned plunger. The moulds were made from cast iron or brass, and later precision power-assisted tools became available to cut the patterns on the moulds.

The earliest styles were seen in the USA, France, Belgium, Bohemia and Sweden in the 1830's.

The earliest known English example dates from 1836, but the industry really came into its own in the 1850's, the Victorian period.

The text of the pages is adapted from the books on the reading list.

The illustrations are of items in my collection, photographed by myself.

Any comments? Contact me at: murrayam @ supanet.com
(But don't expect any technical answers - I'm not an expert. Read the books!)

Updated 20th February 2005.

If you are interested in all things English, visit English Weights & Measures for a full listing of the Imperial weights and measures system.


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